Since Solar systems have gained much popularity over the years, it is essential to know how the system works and what are the major features which differentiate its further types. Photovoltaic effects kick in which means Solar panels will convert solar energy into DC power. This DC power can be stored in a battery or can be converted to AC power by the Solar Inverter. Solar Panels, Solar inverters, and Batteries are the major components of solar systems.
There are three main types of Solar systems:
1. On-Grid solar systems
2. Off-Grid solar systems
3. Hybrid solar systems
On-Grid solar systems
An on-Grid system is commonly named a grid-tied or grid feed solar system. These are the most common solar systems used in business and household units. As the name suggests, these solar systems are publically connected to the electricity grid. Any excess electricity units generated are exported to the grid via net metering. The con of this solar system is that it cannot function in blackouts.
Off-Grid solar systems
An off-grid solar system also known as a stand-alone system as the name suggests requires storage (Battery) support. This solar system is designed to cater to the power requirements with enough battery support to be used when there is less or no sunlight as well. These solar systems are a bit expensive as compared to others since batteries are included in them.
Hybrid solar systems
Hybrid solar systems as the name suggests is a grid-connected systems along with battery backup. These solar systems can be assembled in various configurations. This solar system stores energy by solar throughout the day and utilizes it at night. It is a solar system dependent upon the grid but can also store extra units in the storage. Hybrid systems are also able to charge the batteries using cheap off-peak electricity. Hybrid systems are much more expensive than off-grid systems. The pros of hybrid systems are that they are secure, cost-effective, and much more efficient than the rest of the systems.